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Manoochehr Shirzaei

Associate Professor


I am a geodesist/geophysicist specialized in satellite geodesy, inverse theory, signal processing, modeling techniques, and physics of crustal deformation. Conducting a comprehensive interdisciplinary research program, I aim my research effort to improve understanding of the underlying mechanism associated with seismic and aseismic faulting processes, the evolution of crustal stresses and seismic hazard due to fluid extraction and disposal, changes in groundwater and surface water resources, and impacts of relative sea-level rise on coastal areas. 
Though the range of topics may appear diverse, the common theme is an attempt to develop a better quantitative understanding of physical processes operating in the Earth. To this end, I develop sophisticated space-, air-, and ground-based monitoring techniques to measure subtle deformation signatures at unprecedented spatial and temporal resolutions. Linking surface observations to the underlying physical process, I also develop a variety of physics-based numerical and analytical models. My utmost goal is to help with mitigating adverse impacts of natural and anthropogenic hazards through improved understanding of mechanisms as well as educating a new generation of scientists and bringing awareness to the public.

Academic Profiles

Google Scholar
Curriculum Vitae

Education
2007 - 2010

Ph.D. (Summa cum laude), Potsdam University, Potsdam, Germany. Title of the thesis: Crustal deformation source monitoring using advanced InSAR time series and time-dependent inverse modeling.

2001 - 2003

M.S. Geodesy, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran. Title of thesis: Wavelet-based inversion of gravity data for hydrocarbon exploration.

1998 - 2001

B.A. Surveying engineering, Amir-Kabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

Homepage

Under construction

Publications

Submitted/In-press:

5- Zhai, G., Ojha, C. and Shirzaei, M. (2020), Model-based Correction Compared with Wavelet-based Filter for Reducing Atmospheric Delay in InSAR Time Series, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, in review.

4- Scott, C., Bunds, M. and Shirzaei, M. (2020), Creep along the Central San Andreas Fault Imaged from Surface Fractures, Topographic Differencing, and InSAR Imagery, JGR, in review. 

3- Tung, S., Zhai, G. and Shirzaei, M. (2020), Deep wastewater injection inducing largest 2020 M5 Mentone earthquake in West Texas: implications for reservoir mechanical properties and remote injectors, Geophysical Research Letters, in review.

2- Shirzaei, M. (2020 Invited), Measuring, Modeling, and Predicting Coastal Land Subsidence, Nature reviews, in preview.

1- Goebel, T. and M. Shirzaei (2020), More than 40 years of potentially induced seismicity close to the San Andreas fault in San Ardo, central California,  Seismological Research Letters, in review.

Published:

56- Carlson, G., Shirzaei, M., Ojha, C., & Werth, S. (2020). Subsidence?Derived Volumetric Strain Models for Mapping Extensional Fissures and Constraining Rock Mechanical Properties in the San Joaquin Valley, California. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 125, e2020JB019980. https://doi.org/10.1029/2020JB019980. 

55- Blackwell, E., M. Shirzaei, C. Ojha, and S. Werth (2020), Tracking Californiaís sinking coast from space: Implications for relative sea-level rise, Science Advances, 6(31), eaba4551, doi:10.1126/sciadv.aba4551.

54- Khoshmanesh, M., M. Shirzaei, and N. Uchida (2020), Deep slow-slip events promote seismicity in northeastern Japan megathrust, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 540, 116261.

53- Zhai, G., M. Shirzaei, and M. Manga (2020), Elevated Seismic Hazard in Kansas Due to High?Volume Injections in Oklahoma, Geophysical Research Letters, 47(5), e2019GL085705.

52- Ojha, C., S. Werth, and M. Shirzaei (2020), Recovery of aquifer-systems in Southwest US following 2012-2015 drought: evidence from InSAR, GRACE and groundwater level data, Journal of Hydrology, 124943.

51- Hamlington, B. D., A. S. Gardner, E. Ivins, J. T. M. Lenaerts, J. T. Reager, D. S. Trossman, E. D. Zaron, S. Adhikari, A. Arendt, A. Aschwanden, B. D. Beckley, D. P. S. Bekaert, G. Blewitt, L. Caron, D. P. Chambers, H. A. Chandanpurkar, K. Christianson, B. Csatho, R. I. Cullather, R. M. DeConto, J. T. Fasullo, T. Frederikse, J. T. Freymueller, D. M. Gilford, M. Girotto, W. C. Hammond, R. Hock, N. Holschuh, R. E. Kopp, F. Landerer, E. Larour, D. Menemenlis, M. Merrifield, J. X. Mitrovica, R. S. Nerem, I. J. Nias, V. Nieves, S. Nowicki, K. Pangaluru, C. G. Piecuch, R. D. Ray, D. R. Rounce, N.-J. Schlegel, H. Seroussi, M. Shirzaei, W. V. Sweet, I. Velicogna, N. Vinogradova, T. Wahl, D. N. Wiese, and M. J. Willis (2020), Understanding of Contemporary Regional Sea-Level Change and the Implications for the Future, Reviews of Geophysics, 58(3), e2019RG000672, doi:10.1029/2019rg000672.

50- Sherpa, S. F., M. Shirzaei, C. Ojha, S. Werth, and R. Hostache (2020), Probabilistic Mapping of August 2018 Flood of Kerala, India, Using Space-Borne Synthetic Aperture Radar, IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, 13, 896-913.

49- Carlson, G., Shirzaei, M., Werth, S., Zhai, G., and Ojha, C. (2020). Seasonal and long?term groundwater unloading in the Central Valley modifies crustal stress. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 125, e2019JB018490. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JB018490 

48- Zhai, G., M. Shirzaei, M. Manga, and X. Chen (2019), Pore-pressure diffusion, enhanced by poroelastic stresses, controls induced seismicity in Oklahoma, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 201819225, doi:10.1073/pnas.1819225116.

47- Shirzaei, M., C. Ojha, S. Werth, G. Carlson, and E. R. Vivoni (2019), Comment on ìShort-lived pause in Central California subsidence after heavy winter precipitation of 2017" by K. D. Murray and R. B. Lohman, Science Advances, 5(eaav8038).

46- Shirzaei, M., M. Manga, and G. Zhai (2019), Hydraulic properties of injection formations constrained by surface deformation, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 515, 125-134, doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2019.03.025.

45- Miller, M. M., and M. Shirzaei (2019), Land subsidence in Houston correlated with flooding from Hurricane Harvey, Remote Sensing of Environment, 225, 368-378, doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2019.03.022.

44- Ojha, C., S. Werth, and M. Shirzaei (2019), Groundwater Loss and Aquifer System Compaction in San Joaquin Valley During 2012ñ2015 Drought, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 124(3), 3127-3143.

43- Khoshmanesh, M., and M. Shirzaei (2018), Episodic creep events on the San Andreas Fault caused by pore pressure variations, Nature Geoscience, doi:10.1038/s41561-018-0160-2.

42- Ojha, C., M. Shirzaei, S. Werth, D. F. Argus, and T. G. Farr (2018), Sustained Groundwater Loss in California's Central Valley Exacerbated by Intense Drought Periods, Water Resources Research, 54, doi:10.1029/2017WR022250.

41- Guang, Z., and M. Shirzaei (2018), Fluid Injection and Time?Dependent Seismic Hazard in the Barnett Shale, Texas, Geophysical Research Letters, 45, doi:10.1029/2018GL077696.

40- Khoshmanesh, M., and M. Shirzaei (2018), Multiscale dynamics of aseismic slip on Central San Andreas Fault. Geophysical Research Letters, 45. https://doi.org/10.1002/2018GL077017.

39- Shirzaei, M. and R. B¸rgmann (2018), Global climate change and local land subsidence exacerbate inundation risk to the San Francisco Bay Area. Science Advances, 4, eaap9234.

38- Zhai, G., and Shirzaei, M. (2017). 3-D modeling of irregular volcanic sources using sparsity-promoting inversions of geodetic data and boundary element method. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 122. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017JB014991.

37- Miller, M. M., Shirzaei, M., and Argus, D. (2017). Aquifer mechanical properties and decelerated compaction in Tucson, Arizona. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 122. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017JB014531.

36- Shirzaei, M., R. B¸rgmann, and E. J. Fielding (2017), Applicability of Sentinel-1 Terrain Observation by Progressive Scans multitemporal interferometry for monitoring slow ground motions in the San Francisco Bay Area, Geophysical Research Letters, 44, doi:10.1002/2017GL072663.

35- Wang C.-Y., M. Manga, M. Shirzaei, M. Weingarten, and L.-P. Wang (2017), Induced Seismicity in Oklahoma Affects Shallow Groundwater, Seismol. Res. Lett., doi:10.1785/0220170017.

34- Manga, M., C. Y. Wang, and M. Shirzaei (2016), Increased stream discharge after the 3 September 2016 M-w 5.8 Pawnee, Oklahoma earthquake, Geophysical Research Letters, 43(22), 11588-11594, doi:10.1002/2016gl071419. 

33-Shirzaei, M., W. L. Ellsworth, K. F. Tiampo, P. J. Gonz·lez, and M. Manga (2016), Surface uplift and time-dependent seismic hazard due to fluid injection in eastern Texas, Science, 353(6306), 1416-1419, doi:10.1126/science.aag0262. 

32- Zhai, G., and M. Shirzaei (2016), Spatiotemporal model of K?lauea's summit magmatic system inferred from InSAR time series and geometry-free time-dependent source inversion, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, doi:10.1002/2016JB012953.

31- Whipple K.X.,†M. Shirzaei, K. Hodges, and J.R. Arrowsmith (2016) 2015 Gorkha Earthquake Provokes Reassessment of Mountain Building Processes in the Himalaya,†Nature Geoscience, DOI: 10.1038/NGEO2797.

30- Weston, J., and M. Shirzaei (2016), Combining GPS and repeating earthquakes for high-resolution analysis of subduction zone coupling, Tectonophysics, S0040-1951(15)00636-8, doi:10.1016/j.tecto.2015.11.009. 

29- Khoshmanesh, M., M. Shirzaei, and R. M. Nadeau (2015), Time-dependent model of aseismic slip on the central San Andreas Fault from InSAR time series and repeating earthquakes, Journal of Geophysical Research, Solid Earth, 120, doi:10.1002/2015JB012039.

28- Miller, M. M., and M. Shirzaei (2015), Spatiotemporal characterization of land subsidence and uplift in Phoenix using InSAR time series and wavelet transforms, Journal of Geophysical Research, Solid Earth, 120, doi:10.1002/2015JB012017.

27- Turner, R. C., M. Shirzaei, R. M. Nadeau, and R. B¸rgmann (2015), Slow and Go: Pulsing Slip Rates on the Creeping Section of the San Andreas Fault, Journal of Geophysical Research, Solid Earth, 120, doi:10.1002/2015JB011998.

26- Shirzaei, M., M. L. Rudolph, and M. Manga (2015), Deep and shallow sources for the Lusi mud eruption revealed by surface deformation, Geophysical Research Letters, 42, doi:10.1002/2015GL064576.

25-Shirzaei, M. (2015) A seamless multitrack multitemporal InSAR algorithm, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 16, doi:10.1002/2015GC005759.

24-Zaköek, K., L. Pick, M. Shirzaei, and M. Hort (2015), Thermal monitoring of volcanic effusive activity: the uncertainties and outlier detection, Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 426, doi:10.1144/SP426.2. 

23- Shirzaei, M., B¸rgmann, R., Uchida, N., Hu, Y., Pollitz, F., Matsuzawa, T. (2014) Seismic versus aseismic slip: Probing mechanical properties of the northeast Japan subduction zone. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2014.08.035.

22- Walter, T. R., M. Shirzaei, A. Manconi, G. Solaro, A. Pepe, M. Manzo, and E. Sansosti (2014), Possible coupling of Campi Flegrei and Vesuvius as revealed by InSAR time series, correlation analysis and time-dependent modeling, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 280, 104-110, doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2014.05.006.

21- Chaussard, E., R. B¸rgmann, M. Shirzaei, E. J. Fielding, and B. Baker (2014), Predictability of hydraulic head changes and characterization of aquifer-system and fault properties from InSAR-derived ground deformation, Journal of Geophysical Research, Solid Earth, 119, doi:10.1002/2014JB011266.

20- Nikolaeva, E., T.R.†Walter, M.†Shirzaei, and J.†Zschau (2014) Landslide observation and volume estimation in central Georgia based on L-band InSAR, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 14, 675-688, doi:10.5194/nhess-14-675-2014.

19-Shirzaei, M., B¸rgmann, R. and Taka' aki, T. (2013),†Implications of recent asperity failures and aseismic creep for time-dependent earthquake hazard on the Hayward fault, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2013.04.024.

18-Shirzaei, M. Walter, T. R., and B¸rgmann, R. (2013), Coupling of Hawaiian volcanoes during mantle-driven surge, Geophysical Research Letters, doi: 10.1002/grl.50470.
It is highlighted by Science,  Wigginton, N. S. (2013), Hawaii's Deep Plumbing System, Science, 340(6134), 788, doi:10.1126/science.340.6134.788-a

17- Rudolph, M. L., Shirzaei, M., and Manga, M. (2013), Source evolution of the Lusi mud eruption from surface†deformation,†Geophysical Research Letters, DOI:†10.1002/grl.50189.

16- Shirzaei, M., and R. B¸rgmann (2013), Time-dependent model of creep on the Hayward fault from joint inversion†of 18 years of InSAR and surface creep data,†Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:†10.1002/jgrb.50149.

15- Shirzaei, M., R. B¸rgmann, J. Foster, T. R. Walter, and B. A. Brooks (2013), Aseismic deformation across the Hilina fault system, Hawaii, revealed by wavelet analysis of InSAR and GPS time series, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 376, 12-19, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2013.06.011. 

14- Bathke, H., H. Sudhaus, E. P. Holohan, T. R. Walter, and M. Shirzaei (2013), An active ring fault detected at Tend¸rek volcano by using InSAR, Journal of Geophysical Research, Solid Earth, 118, 4488ñ4502, doi:10.1002/jgrb.50305.

13- Zaköek, K M. Shirzaei, and Hort, M.† (2013), Constraining the uncertainties of volcano thermal anomaly monitoring using a Kalman Filter technique.†Geological Society of†London. 380, doi: 10.1144/SP380.5.

12- Shirzaei, M. (2013), A wavelet-based multitemporal DInSAR algorithm for monitoring ground surface motion, Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, doi: 10.1109/LGRS.2012.2208935.

11- Shirzaei, M., and R. B¸rgmann (2012), Topography correlated atmospheric delay correction in radar†interferometry using wavelet transforms, Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L01305, doi:10.1029/2011GL049971.

10- Shirzaei, M, R. B¸rgmann, O. Oncken, T. R. Walter, P. Victor, and O. Ewiak (2012), Response of crustal faults to megathrust earthquakes cycle: InSAR†evidence from Mejillones Peninsula, northern Chile, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 333ñ334 (2012) 157ñ 164. doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2012.04.001 

9- Shirzaei, M., T. R. Walter, H. R. Nankali, and E. Holohan (2011), Gravity-driven deformation of Damavand†volcano detected through InSAR time series, Geology, 39, 3, 251ñ254; doi: 10.1130/G31779.1.

8- Shirzaei, M., and T. R. Walter (2011), Satellite orbital error reduction using wavelet-based robust regression†applied to InSAR deformation data, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing., 49(11), doi: 10.1109/TGRS.2011.2143419.

7- Bathke, H., Shirzaei, M., and T. R. Walter (2011), Inflation and deflation at the steep-sided Llaima stratovolcano (Chile) detected by using InSAR, Geophysical Research Letters, VOL. 38, L10304, doi:10.1029/2011GL047168.

6- Shirzaei, M., and T. R. Walter (2010), Time-dependent volcano source monitoring using InSAR time series: A combined Genetic Algorithm and Kalman Filter approach, Journal of Geophysical Research, 115, B1042,†doi:10.1029/2010JB007476.

5- Walter, T. R., M. Manzo, A. Manconi, G. Solaro, R. Lanari, M. Motagh, H. Woith, S. Parolai, M. Shirzaei, J. Zschau, S. Baris, A. and Ansal (2010), Satellite Monitoring of Hazards: A focus on Istanbul, Turkey. Eos,†Transactions, American Geophysical Union, 91, 36, 313-314, doi:†10.1029/2010EO360001.

4- Wauthier C., A. Oyen, P. Marinkovic, V. Cayol, J. Fern·ndez, P. Gonzalez, R. F. Hanssen, F. Kervyn, N.d'Oreye, M. Shirzaei, and T. R. Walter (2009), L-band and C-band InSAR Studies of African Volcanic Areas. IGARSS (2) 2009: 210-213, doi: 10.1109/IGARSS.2009.5418043.

3- Shirzaei, M., and T. R. Walter (2009), Randomly Iterated Search and Statistical Competency (RISC) as powerful inversion tools for deformation source modeling: application to volcano InSAR data, Journal of Geophysical Research, 114, B10401, doi:10.1029/2008JB006071.

2- Ruch, J., A. Manconi, G. Zeni, G. Solaro, A. Pepe, M. Shirzaei, T. R. Walter, and R. Lanari (2009), Stress†transfer in the Lazufre volcanic area, Central Andes, Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L22303, doi:22310.21029/22009GL041276.

1- ExupÈry Team†(2008), Managing volcanic unrest: The mobile volcano fast response system, paper presented at Use of Remote Sensing Techniques for Monitoring Volcanoes and Seismogenic Areas, Napoli, Italy, doi: 10.1109/USEREST.2008.4740358.